class FixedIncomePricingObjective(num_qubits, pca_matrix, initial_interests, cash_flow, rescaling_factor, bounds)[fuente]#

Bases: QuantumCircuit

The Fixed Income Expected Value amplitude function. This circuit can be used to evaluate the expected value of the total value \(V\) of the assets

\[V = \sum_{t=1}^T \frac{c_t}{(1+r_t)^t}.\]

Here \(c_t\) are the cash flows of the assets and \(r_t\) are the interest rates. The interest rates are subject to uncertainty and can be described by a PCA-decomposition into the pca_matrix \(A\) and initial_interests \(\vec{b}\). For a sample \(\vec{x}\) of a random variable, the interest rates are modeled as:

\[\vec{r} = A \vec{x} + \vec{b}.\]

The number of qubits used to represent each asset is specified by num_qubits and the bounds of the random variable by bounds. The approximation of the objective function follows [1]. .. rubric:: Referencias

[1]: Woerner, S., & Egger, D. J. (2018).

Quantum Risk Analysis. arXiv:1806.06893

  • num_qubits (List[int]) – A list specifying the number of qubits used to discretize the assets.

  • pca_matrix (ndarray) – The PCA matrix for the changes in the interest rates, \(\delta_r\).

  • initial_interests (List[int]) – The initial interest rates / offsets for the interest rates.

  • cash_flow (List[float]) – The cash flow time series.

  • rescaling_factor (float) – The scaling factor used in the Taylor approximation.

  • bounds (List[Tuple[float, float]]) – The list of the tuple of the bounds, (min, max), for return values the assets can attain.




Map the scaled value back to the original domain. :param scaled_value: The scaled value.


The scaled value mapped back to the original domain.

Tipo del valor devuelto: